Individual quality overwrites carry‐over effects across the annual cycle of a long‐distance migrant - La Rochelle Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Animal Ecology Year : 2024

Individual quality overwrites carry‐over effects across the annual cycle of a long‐distance migrant

Kyle H Elliott
Arnaud Tarroux
Børge Moe
Pierre Blévin
Geir W Gabrielsen

Abstract

In seasonal environments, the fitness of animals depends upon the successful integration of life‐history stages throughout their annual cycle. Failing to do so can lead to negative carry‐over effects where individuals are transitioning into the next season in different states, consequently affecting their future performance. However, carry‐over effects can be masked by individual quality when individuals vary in their efficiency at acquiring resources year after year (i.e. ‘quality’), leading to cross‐seasonal consistency in individual performance. Here we investigated the relative importance of carry‐over effects and individual quality in determining cross‐seasonal interactions and consequences for breeding success over the full annual cycle of a migratory seabird (black‐legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla ). We monitored the reproduction and annual movement of kittiwakes over 13 years using geolocators to estimate their breeding success, distribution and winter energy expenditure. We combined this with an experimental approach (clutch removal experiment, 2 years) to manipulate the reproductive effort irrespective of individual quality. Piecewise path analyses showed that successful breeders reproduced earlier and were more likely to breed successfully again the following year. This positive interaction among consecutive breeding stages disappeared after controlling for individual quality, suggesting that quality was dominant in determining seasonal interactions. Moreover, controlling experimentally for individual quality revealed underlying carry‐over effects that were otherwise masked by quality, with breeding costs paid in higher energy expenditure and delayed onset of reproduction. We highlight the need to combine an experimental approach along with long‐term data while assessing apparent carry‐over effects in wild animals, and their potential impact on fitness and population demography.
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Origin Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-04603849 , version 1 (06-06-2024)

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Don‐jean Léandri‐breton, Kyle H Elliott, Arnaud Tarroux, Børge Moe, William Jouanneau, et al.. Individual quality overwrites carry‐over effects across the annual cycle of a long‐distance migrant. Journal of Animal Ecology, In press, ⟨10.1111/1365-2656.14125⟩. ⟨hal-04603849⟩
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